Wine Growing Regions Wine Growing Regions Wine Growing Regions Wine Growing Regions
Geographical location: The north-central portion of the Tauber Valley and the upper Rhine Valley adjacent to the Black Forest, stretching from Heidelberg to the Swiss border and the Bodensee (Lake Constance).
Major town(s): Heidelberg, Karlsruhe, Baden-Baden, Freiburg.
Climate: Sunny and warm. The Kaiserstuhl district is Germany's warmest area.
Soil types: Shell-limestone in Tauberfranken. Elsewhere, a wide variety including keuper, loam, loess, granite, clay, limestone and sand. The Kaiserstuhl is an extinct volcano, while glacial deposits (moraine) are typical of the Bodensee district.
Vineyard area (2003): 15,944 ha / 39,396 acres · 9 districts · 16 collective vineyard sites · 300+ individual sites
Grape varieties [white 58.7% · red 41.3%] (2003): Müller-Thurgau (20.8%), Spätburgunder (35.1%), Grauburgunder, Riesling and Gutedel (ca. 7-9% each) as well as Weissburgunder, Silvaner and Gewürztraminer.
Marketing: Most growers are members of the ca. 100 cooperatives that produce and market about 85% of the region's wine. The regional cooperative cellars in Breisach are the largest in Europe and the fourth-largest in the world. Exports play a minor role. Nearly half of production is sold in supermarkets; the other half in wine shops and restaurants, or directly to final consumers. At 35 liters in 1997, the per capita consumption of wine and sparkling wine in the Baden and Württemberg regions is the highest in Germany.
Signposted routes through wine country: Badische Weinstrasse (driving) · the northern portion of the Romantic Road (driving) traverses the Baden portion of the Tauber Valley, as does the Main-Tauber-Fränkische Radachter (cycling) · the Castle Road (driving) passes through the Badische Bergstrasse at Heidelberg · Weinstrasse Kraichgau-Stromberg (driving) · Markgräfler Wiiwegli from Freiburg to Weil (hiking & cycling).